The provincial capital of Kenya’s Rift Valley Province, Nakuru has a population of roughly 300,000 and is Kenya’s fourth largest city. As in most Rift communities, agriculture is the area’s main source of income. After the elections of 2007, violence erupted in the region, taking the form of gangs equipped with machetes, clubs, and bows and arrows. Following the initial clashes over the elections, violence continued, this time rooted in deeper ethnic conflict reaching back generations. In the end, dozens of civilians were cut down and many more displaced from their homes.