Eldoret is a town in western Kenya and the administrative centre of Uasin Gishu District of Rift Valley Province. Lying south of the Cherangani Hills, The population was 193,830 in 1999 (census), and it is currently the fastest growing town in Kenya, and currently the 5th largest in Kenya. The name “Eldoret” is based on the Maasai word “eldore” meaning “stony river,” because the stony bed of the nearby Sosiani River. Eldoret was badly hit by the post-election violence in 2007-08. This violence peaked when over 30 unarmed civilians in a church near Eldoret were killed on New Year’s Day. Tensions in Eldoret have caused violence in several previous Kenyan elections, most notably in the 1992 Kenyan Elections.